It was in 1885, in the aftermath of the Meiji Restoration, that Chuo University came into the world as Igirisu Horitsu Gakko (English Law School). The School was founded in Kanda-Nishikicho, Tokyo by 18 young attorneys, among them Rokuichiro Masujima who took office as the School’s first director.
Dedicated to the cause of Fostering the Ability to Apply Knowledge to Practice, the founders believed that studying British and American law, which was closely intertwined with the social reality, would be more useful in nurturing judicial professionals and other human resources that would be ideally suited to modern society. With this goal in mind, they poured their energy and resources into legal education.
In the space of only two years, the initial student body of 97 people had grown to over 600. In 1889, the year the Meiji Constitution was ratified, the school moved from the old samurai residence it had inhabited to a stylish new two-story brick building. In October of the same year, the school was renamed Tokyo Hogakuin (Tokyo College of Law), with the aim of providing a broad legal education.
Even after the effort to merge three schools into one university came to naught, Tokyo Hogakuin continued to consider reorganizing as a university. In 1903, the school acquired legal status as a corporation and was accredited under the terms of the Professional School Order as Tokyo Hogakuin Daigaku (Tokyo University of Law). In 1905, the 20th anniversary of the school’s foundation, the Economics Department was opened and the school changed its name to Chuo (literally, “Central”) University. In 1909, a Commerce Department was set up, making Chuo a university with three departments, Law, Economics, and Commerce, and well on its way toward becoming a comprehensive institution of higher learning.
It is said that the name “Chuo” is derived from “Chuo Ho-in,” the Japanese translation of the venerable English legal training institution Middle Temple where Masujima and other founding fathers of the university studied.
In 1918 the school changed its legal status from a corporation to a foundation in response to the University Order. In 1920, Chuo University was accredited under the Order, and the Faculties of Law, Economics, and Commerce, a graduate school, and college preparatory courses were established, all of which came together to constitute a university under the old, pre-war education system.
Around the same time Chuo earned recognition as a university, it suffered serious damage in a 1917 fire and in the 1923 Great Kanto Earthquake. However, it went on undeterred to rebuild and expand, moving from its familiar home of over 40 years in Kanda-Nishikicho to a new campus in Surugadai.
Surugadai was the backdrop for the next half century of the university’s history, including the opening of a night school in 1931; the establishment of Chuo Kogyo Senmon Gakko (Chuo Technical College) in 1944; the creation of the Correspondence Division, Faculty of Law in 1948; and in 1949, in line with educational reforms, the launch of a new university system incorporating a new Faculty of Engineering. The Faculty of Letters and the graduate schools were set up under this new system in 1951, the same year that Chuo’s legal status was changed to an educational foundation. In 1962, the Faculty of Engineering was reorganized into the Faculty of Science and Engineering.
With completion of the move to the Tama Campus in 1978, the university entered a new era. In addition to the four faculties of humanities located in the leafy surroundings of the Tama Campus and the Faculty of Science and Engineering on the conveniently located Korakuen Campus, 1993 saw the opening of the new Faculty of Policy Studies on the Tama Campus grounds.
Moving into the 21st century, three professional graduate schools were launched in succession, enabling Chuo University to offer an even higher level of professional training. The Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting was established in 2002, Chuo Law School in 2004, and Chuo Graduate School of Strategic Management in 2008. Meanwhile, the university continues to expand in central Tokyo, based around the three urban campuses Ichigaya-Tamachi (Middle Bridge), Ichigaya, and Korakuen.
In 2010 Chuo University marked its 125th anniversary and in the same year welcomed the establishment of Chuo University Junior High School and Chuo University Yokohama Junior High School and High School, expanding the scope of the institution to include six faculties, seven graduate schools, three professional graduate schools, nine research institutes, four affiliated high schools and two affiliated junior high schools, with mutual ties binding all the campuses together.