One more problem is cooperation between "public and private" entities. The other day, I delivered a lecture in areas devastated by the Great East Japan Earthquake after being requested by an acquaintance. I was expecting town planning to have advanced a little in the 4 years since the disaster, and in low-lying areas engineering works such as mounding has seen progress. However, 40% of the people who affected by the disaster remain in temporary housing in a makeshift manner. I think the number of people remaining in temporary housing 2 years after the Great Hanshin Earthquake had almost reached zero. Of course, the number of affected people and scale of these two disasters cannot be compared. However, 4 years after the event, in some areas the rate of people leaving the area is not decreasing, but increasing. This is a grave problem. Why is this occurring? The population is an important factor in propping up the region. This is because it creates demand, supports supply, and possesses the power to open up the future. I don’t think that it is necessary to explain the importance of a young population which will burden the reconstruction that creates a population supporting tomorrow.
"People demand jobs and move". Moving forces and age are inversely proportional. Will there be a tomorrow for the areas where the youth have left? The Tohoku region is blessed with abundant nature. The region is definitely far from major cities, and for agriculture and fisheries related products, food processing businesses which conduct processing and add extra value are indispensable industries. By taking into account that 3 times the national average of agriculture and fisheries products produced from the region, and the distance to major cities, it can simply be expected that productivity in the food processing industry will also be close to 3 times that of the national average. Furthermore, if creation of the high added-value products is a success , it can be expected that productivity will be 4-5 times that of the national average. If that happens, it should not only extend to agriculture and fisheries industries, but also have a roll on effect for other industries such as tourism and distribution. However, unfortunately, productivity is only the "same" as the national average. It is a huge waste. The progress of engineering work has meant that reconstruction progress can be "seen" in everybody's eyes, creating the excuse that "people in the city hall are doing their jobs". However, should they invest their limited resources and money in engineering work as top priority? How long are governments intending to support the regional economy with the construction industry? When construction has finished and people are saying, "the young people have gone", it isn't a laughing matter. The sight of the ground level being raised in the expansive disaster area reminds me of a modern-day pyramid. King Khufu's pyramid was also a measure against unemployment. It gives me a gloomy feeling that human wisdom hasn't changed since ancient times. Also, I heard that none of the local residents want a "seawall" that will change the scenery. It is simple to say "public and private cooperation", but difficult to put into practice.