Program for Capacity Building in
Global Water-Environmental Engineering

Contents

 

Outline of subjects

Subject Category Subjects Classification Credits Course outline
Civil engineering course Structural Maintenance Elective 2 Lectures are given on actual deformation, deterioration mechanism, investigations and testing, assessment and determination, repair and retrofit, and life-cycle cost, which are basically required for diagnosing and repairing or retrofitting structures.
Safety and reliability of structures Elective 2 The objective of the lecture is to serve as a bridge between “mechanical computation” and “design condition equation”, and the idea of security behind the former. In the first half of the course, intensive study will be made on plastic analysis. Extended or applied structural mechanics will be included. Discussions will be made on the classification of characteristics of limit states or design characteristics. Lectures will be given on simple plastic analysis and the comparison between elastic and plastic limit states and their characterization will be covered. In the second half, examples of structural accidents and accident analysis reports will be examined to organize the concepts behind accidents. Reflection in rules and technology development will be also discussed. (Understanding the importance of learning lessons from failures is also required.)
Material science Elective 2 The lecture aims at equipping the students with a general knowledge about the continuum mechanics of solids including material mechanics, elastodynamics and mechanics of plasticity. Emphasis will be placed on the mechanics of plasticity. When discussing stress and strain, tensor representation methods are convenient. Lectures will be given based on tensor representation.
Nonlinear Solid Mechanics Elective 2 The objective of the lecture is to have students learn systematically about general mechanics of continuum such as the mechanics of materials, mechanics of elasticity and mechanics of plasticity. A special focus is placed on the mechanics of plasticity. Students learn about the theoretical development and characteristics of various plastic failure models based on the knowledge obtained in the solid mechanics and continuum mechanics courses.
Continuum mechanics Elective 2 Basic physical and mathematical matters that support the continuum mechanics are organized and then the basics and applications of continuum mechanics are outlined. In the basics study, structural mechanics is re-structured in the framework of continuum mechanics. In the applications study, failure and wave motions are discussed, and continuum mechanics in the framework of analytical mechanics is presented.
Computational
solid mechanics
Elective 2 Lectures are given on the method of numerical simulation of nonlinear dynamic behavior of solid. Specifically, a problem of static equilibrium of a nonlinear elastic body is discussed. Explanations are made about the theory of the nonlinear finite element method, method of discretization, actual programming and a system for solving a nonlinear algebraic equation. First, a review is made of mathematical models in solid mechanical problems, and nonlinear behavior is organized and classified to capture a perspective. Then, a problem of static equilibrium of a nonlinear elastic body is formulated. The procedure for deriving a finite element disretization equation from the weak form of the equilibrium equation is explained. Then, the constitutive rule and equilibrium equation are discretized separately, and explanations are made about the essence of the nonlinear finite element method and the basics concerning the performance of elements. Next, explanations are made about the solution of a nonlinear algebraic equation obtained by discretization. The focus of explanation is placed on the secant method, Newton’s method and incremental method. Lectures are given mainly on the formulation and algorithm in finite element method and implementation in analysis codes. Linear and nonlinear finite element programs usable in MATLAB and OCTAVE are distributed and explained. Drills are implemented for modifying the programs.
Highway pavement engineering Elective 2 The course focuses on pavement engineering. Students learn about the structural and functional requirements for roads and understand as an engineer how design, construction and maintenance and retrofit should be implemented to meet such requirements. Students should understand the background of the establishment of design and maintenance and repair criteria currently adopted in other countries. Students are requested to read basic materials prepared mainly in English and give a presentation about the contents in class. Discussions are conducted based on the comments on the presentation for better understanding.
Environment management course Discrete choice models Elective 2 Students master the idea and method of application of the disaggregate demand model based on the random utility theory, a typical model for expressing traffic behavior. Lectures are given by rotation. Drills are conducted jointly by team members.
Traffic control Elective 2 Cancelled. Every other  year
Students will study the basic theories in road traffic engineering using textbooks in English. Students will give a presentation in rotation.
Analysis of  Urban Transport  and Environment Elective 2 Every other  year
Students learn the basics of transportation economics. Lectures are given by rotation using textbooks.
Environment  Evaluation Elective 2 Cancelled. In order to acquire basic knowledge about environment assessment, students will learn the methods of identifying present environmental conditions, and predicting and evaluating environmental impact following the environment assessment (environmental impact assessment) procedures. In order to review and apply the knowledge obtained in lectures, students will implement case study methods to simulate actual environment assessment.
Spatial econometrics Elective 2 A statistical analysis method is used. Based on the results of time-series data analysis in the first semester, students learn about the methods for analyzing spatial data.
Transport Systems Elective 2 Students learn what mechanism transportation service providers adopt. Focus is placed on railways, buses, airplanes, ships and trucks, which are used on a daily basis. Students learn about the management and institutions and new systems in relation to land transportation including railways and buses, and management, actual institutions, aircrafts and airport and air traffic control systems in relation to aviation.
Facilitation Elective 2 Students will receive practical training concerning the building of community that is resistant to seismic disasters and exists in harmony with nature through field surveys in the Kami district, Hadano City, Kanagawa Prefecture. The district is located in an idyllic rural area on the Hadano basin at the base of mount Tanzawa-Ohyama. Urbanization is impossible because the district is located in an agricultural promotion area, and the population has gradually been declining. Practical training will be conducted concerning regional surveys and facilitation based on the local studies to conserve biodiversity, revitalize regional society and solve population problems (build child-rearing support villages) in cooperation with the Hadano municipal government and regional councils. Focus will be placed on the regional plans to be established.
Global water environment course Research on GWEE AⅠ・Ⅱ Elective
Compulsory
4 Projects will be developed to simulate slope runoff calculation models, river flood routing models, river water level calculation models and other models using CommonMP.
Research  on GWEE BⅠ・Ⅱ Elective
Compulsory
4 This course aims at equipping the students with comprehensive water management capability adequate to solve water problems in Asia. The specific subjects are the planning, design and maintenance of water supply and sewerage systems, administrative work for water environment management and quantitative and qualitative cascade-type water metabolism systems.
General Review on GWEE  AⅠ Elective
Compulsory
2 The students will understand the history, culture and climate concerning the river improvement and administration in Japan, and consider optimum river administration systems with public participation and required techniques.
General Review on GWEE AⅡ Elective
Compulsory
2 The students will understand the history, culture and climate concerning the river improvement and administration in Japan, and consider optimum river administration systems with public participation and required techniques.
General Review on GWEE  BⅠ Elective
Compulsory
2 Membranes are expected to play a very important role in the next-generation water metabolism system under which water will be used qualitatively for diverse purposes because membranes enable the transformation of substances without changing the phase. Separation membranes are available in varying pore diameters from MF to R0. In this course, all types of separation membranes will be discussed. Lectures will be given on the structure and the method of use of separation membranes and theoretical equations, and also on the production of separation membranes. Practical training will also be conducted in which students will produce separation membranes by themselves based on the knowledge they obtain about membrane production. The training will enable the students to feel the difference between good and bad separation membranes and equip them with an appropriate method of handling separation membranes.
General Review on GWEE  BⅡ Elective
Compulsory
2 Simultaneously “ensuring comfortable life for people” and “minimizing the burden on the natural environment” require the understanding of the properties of energy and water and the development of communities equipped with appropriate technology and systems. The students will learn in this course “units”, “mass balance” and “basic physics and chemistry” that are required for considering the circulation and transformation of water.
Internship Compulsory 2 Lectures are given on the skills that highly skilled professionals are required to possess. Comprehensive problem-solving knowledge and skills are provided such as the extraction of problems and issues in actual administrative assignments, and consensus building through the examination and execution of solutions.
Information Processing and Remote Sensing for GWEE Elective 2 In the remote sensing course, lectures will be given on an outline and correction methods for geometric and radiometric distortions. Electromagnetic waves will be outlined and lectures will be given on spectrum measurement. Practical training will be made on the measurement of reflectance ratio of materials in the visible and near-infrared regions using spectral radiation meters. Students will acquire an outline of the microwave sensor and understand the types of sensors. The basics of remote sensing will be provided and images of the latest synthetic aperture radars (SARs) will be outlined. SAR polarization and interference will be outlined in lectures. Practical training in the interpretation of SAR satellite images using full-polarimetric SAR data (8-m resolution).
Atmospheric Science for GWEE Elective 2 Students learn facts about various phenomena related to earth’s atmosphere through observation and understand the process of occurrence and structure of such phenomena based on the basic physical, chemical and geographical laws.
Ecological Science for GWEE Elective 2 Students learn the role of organism in environmental cleanup and the effects of human activities on the biological environment.
Flood Hydraulics and Channel Design Elective 2 Various solutions have been developed in relation to a variety of hydraulic phenomena involving flooded and inundated flow, based on open-channel foundations learned in hydraulics. Flooded and inundated flows are open channel flows. Water depth is therefore an important key word that represents the phenomenon. Explanations will be made about flow analysis methods (kinematic wave method, diffusion wave method, and one-dimensional analysis to three-dimensional turbulent flow analysis) focused on water depth. As there exist numerous obstacles in the channel or inundated area (e.g. grass plants, trees and buildings), how to evaluate the resistance of obstacles will be studied.
Urban Hydrology Elective 2 The students will obtain better understanding of the roles and functions of environmental and recycling-oriented cities that ensure safe and secure living. The students will also learn the approaches to eco-city taken by other countries and organize the problems and prospects of the smart city.
Engineering Management of River Basin Elective 2 The students will be presented with examples of river environmental issues in actual rivers, mainly those related to flood control, and learn the background of the issue, mechanism of occurrence and methods of solution from a river engineering viewpoint.
Hydrology and Water  Circulation for GWEE Elective 2 In addition to receiving lectures by instructors, students form a group of approximately three and prepare survey reports and give presentations under a given theme. Overall discussions on the presentation lead to the consideration of the nature of and solutions to the socioeconomic issues caused by climate change in Japan and the world.
Sanitary and Water Treatment for GWEE Elective 2 Lectures are given concerning the present water issues and future challenges to have students understand the importance of water. Lectures emphasize the basics of water treatment engineering that is related to quality control and the existing and advanced technologies for application.
Coastal Hydraulics Elective 2 Students will make somewhat specialized studies on the theories about sea waves. The components of lectures are 1) theories concerning sea waves, 2) wave equations, 3) random waves and spectra, 4) random waves and individual wave analysis, 5) near-shore currents and 6) tsunami, high tides and long-period waves.
Topics in coastal engineering* Elective 2 Every other year. The class focuses on beach deformation among the coastal issues. Students read recent relevant papers (either in Japanese or in English) that tend to review the issue. Studies are made of the relationship between waves along the shoreline and topographic deformation among coastal deformation processes. (*every other year)
Disaster Prevention for GWEE Elective 2 Cancelled. Students first learn regional characteristics of flood disasters in relation to interactions among water, land and people. Then, students receive explanations about the flood control measures using river facilities and the flood control and water use capacity of forests, and consider basin development, flood disasters, subsequent implementation of corrective measures and future tasks by examining typical post-war examples. Finally, students consider the results of recent examinations of global warming adaptation measures in the flood disaster field and large flood disaster reduction measures.
Computational Mechanics Elective 2 Lectures are given on the basics and the application of the finite element method for linear problems. Students undertake drills related to the lecture as required.
Computational Fluid Mechanics Elective 2 Lectures are given on various discretization analysis methods in computational fluid dynamics. Students undertake drills related to the lecture as required.
Performance-based Design Elective 2 Students learn about the limit state and performance design of structures, optimization, system assessment, lifecycle assessment including maintenance and the introduction of an accounting viewpoint. Topics will be selected according to the interests of students such as seismic disaster prevention, lifeline utilities, application of the theory concerning wave motion and civil engineering measurement.
Reliability Evaluation and Design Elective 2 Lectures are given mainly on the mathematical basics of theories concerning the reliability design of structures. Lectures are also given on the method for determining partial safety factors, quality management and systems reliability as practical applications of theories.
Geoenvironmental Assessment Elective 2 Explanations are made concerning ground settlement and various related issues as geo-environmental issues attributable to the rising and lowering of groundwater level. The behavior of pollutants in the ground and groundwater, methods of investigations and methods of restoration are outlined.
Soil Dynamics 1 Elective 2 Students learn about the mechanism of seismic disasters due to the amplification of vibrations, liquefaction and slope failure and about corrective techniques based on seismic records, disaster records and experimental data.
Soil Dynamics  2 Elective 2 Students learn about the mechanism of seismic disasters due to the amplification of vibrations, liquefaction and slope failure and about corrective techniques based on seismic records, disaster records and experimental data.
Failure and stability of Earth Structure Elective 2 The concept of failure criteria is presented. Explanations are made about the earth pressure acting on structures, load bearing capacity of foundations and slope stability analysis methods, and also about stability and soil improvement methods during excavation.
Transportation Facility Engineering Elective 2 The course focuses on pavement engineering. Students learn about the structural and functional requirements for transport facilities such as roads and airports, and understand as an engineer how design, construction and maintenance and retrofit should be implemented to meet such requirements. Students should understand the background of the establishment of design and maintenance and repair criteria currently adopted in other countries. Students are requested to read slightly applicative materials prepared mainly in English and give a presentation about the contents in class. Discussions are conducted based on the comments on the presentation for better understanding.
Policy Evaluation methods Elective 2 Students learn about the methods for estimating or predicting the cause-effect relationships related to policy analysis and assessment, and use statistical analysis system R. Specifically, students understand econometrics with cost-benefit analysis in mind. Students learn about the characteristics of and methods for analyzing time-series data in particular.
Special Lecture on Civil and Environmental EngineeringⅠ Elective 2 Cancelled.
Special Lecture on Civil and Environmental EngineeringⅡ Elective 2 Cancelled.
Exercise  on Civil and Environmental EngineeringⅠ Elective 2 Environment risk is the probability of an adverse effect (end point) occurring because of the environment (cause), and is used on various occasions as an important tool for defining a criterion for judgment. In this course, the procedures and methods for environment risk assessment will be introduced and methods will be learned for assessing environment risk based on measurements.
Exercise  on  Civil and Environmental EngineeringⅡ Elective 2 Cancelled.
Master’s Research Master’s Research on Civil and Environmental Engineering Ⅰ Compulsory 6 This course focuses on the guidance in thesis writing for master's degree for the students in the first year in the first semester of doctoral course. The objectives are to enable the students to master the history of the development of research and learn the latest information on research in a particular area and to enable them to propose appropriate research methods in the course of research plan development.
Master’s Research on Civil and Environmental Engineering Ⅱ Compulsory 6 This course focuses on the guidance in thesis writing for master's degree for the students in the second year in the first semester of doctoral course. The objectives are to fully equip the students with the latest information in a particular research area and sufficient insight into the future of the research area and enable them to make new inventions and discoveries through research and compile the results in research papers.
ManagementSubjects
( at least one is recommended to study )
Political Theory Elective compulsory 4 The course will be given throughout the academic year. The objective is to enable the student to have a deeper recognition of the overall composition of environmental politics and a firm grip of the environmental policies of various political actors (e.g. EU, countries, municipalities and NGOs). The students will read papers and writings concerning introductory environmental politics both in Japanese and in English in the first semester, and papers and writings concerning global environmental policies in English in the second semester.
Public EconomicsⅠ Elective compulsory 2 In Public Economics I, the concept of social welfare is explained, and specific indicators of the concept are presented. Methods for evaluating fairness and inequality are explained using the concept of social welfare. Explanations are given about the fundamental theorem of welfare economics, which is important to the understanding of efficiency of market mechanism. Discussions are made on the failure of market. Methods for analyzing the effects of uncertainty and externality on the market mechanism in particular are explained.
Public EconomicsⅡ Elective compulsory 2 In Public Economics II, basic theories of public economics are explained. First, the theories of public goods, optimum supply, and local public goods; and the development of social infrastructure by the private sector are discussed. Next, the theory of optimum taxation is explained mainly in relation to income tax and indirect tax. Discussions are also presented concerning the theoretical analysis of regulation and deregulation, and welfare analysis and policy changes related to social security using an overlapping generation model.(2 for one semester)
Environmental Pollution Control Elective compulsory 2 As there has been increasing interest in environmental pollution in the past decades, Japan has also been suffering from numerous environmental problems. This lecture will present major modes of pollution, pollutants, sources of pollution and movement of pollutants.
Urban Environment Elective compulsory 2 How the spatial structure of a next-generation environmentally sustainable regional society and social infrastructure development should be like is explored. A future urban image is proposed. First, urban independence and wide area coordination methods are grasped from the viewpoint of disaster prevention. Then, studies are made of the methods for reproducing and analyzing the past and present of cities such as urban environmental development methods and urban development management methods, and of various simulation methods toward future planning.
Land Preservation Elective compulsory 2 Students will deepen their understanding of technical issues, legal system development, financial rationality, administrative manuals and information preparation, consensus building processes, etc. required for protecting the lives and safety of residents mainly from catastrophic conditions including natural disasters.
Policy Analysis Elective compulsory 2 Students will be equipped with a mindset for constantly developing useful policy recommendations based on model analyses. Students will master the methods required for policy analyses using various statistical programs in “multivariate analysis”. Specifically, students will experience simulation mainly through the verification analysis of urban models using macro economic data as supplements while enhancing regional data bases.
Related Field Subjects
( at least one is recommended to study )
Ecological Engineering Elective 2 Students will be equipped with a mindset for constantly developing useful policy recommendations based on model analyses. Students will master the methods required for policy analyses using various statistical programs in “multivariate analysis”. Specifically, students will experience simulation mainly through the verification analysis of urban models using macro economic data as supplements while enhancing regional data bases.
Earth Environmental System Elective 2 Lectures are given on “global warming” and “ozone layer destruction”, which are global environmental issues, their scientific basis, their history and future predictions using MRI CGCM model and regional climate model. In relation to “global warming” in particular, the contents of IPCC fourth assessment report publicized in 2007 are presented. The MRI CGCM model and regional climate model, tools for prediction, are outlined. The basics of dynamic meteorology, which serves as the basis for climate change prediction, and the methods of future prediction using numerical climate models are explained. Special lectures will also be given on an outline and problems of simulation of convective diffusion prediction in relation to the accidents at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.
Introduction  to the Marine Environmental Science Elective 2 The students will systematically learn the “relationship between the marine environment and the species living in the environment”. The student will develop a feel for coolly understand and make decisions concerning various marine environmental problems of which species are factors. The course will present how the marine environment is related to species in relation to various marine issues from global warming to red tide and the preservation of species in tidal flats. In order to avoid simply providing a series of information, the course will be conducted in the fifth and later classes in the framework of life or death in the marine ecosystem.
Environmental Biotechnology Elective 2 At the start of the course, the students will review their knowledge about plant physiology as a minimum prerequisite for understanding the entire lecture. Then, explanations will be given about the social background, causes and corrective techniques for environmental issues mainly related to atmospheric environment. Effects on plants and plants’ response will be outlined subsequently. Finally, explanations will also be provided about the progress of application technology using plants and genome science that have great potential.
An introduction to the modeling of global environment Elective 2 Life and natural phenomena on the earth depend on solar energy. This class starts with the sun and outlines a phenomenal world identified by the modeling of the global environment under which atmosphere, ocean and earth’s crust interact respectively.