Program for Capacity Building in
Global Water-Environmental Engineering
The “Symposium on Global Water-Environmental Engineering Study in Guangzhou” was held in Sun Yat-sen University in China, one of the consortium universities participating in the Program for Capacity Building in Global Water Environmental Engineering (hereinafter referred to as the Program), on March 23 and 24, 2012.
The objective of the symposium was to exchange information on the current water-related issues and solutions in Japan and China and on the latest technology. Reflecting the results of the symposium in the curriculum of the Program is expected to make contributions to more practical capacity building. This symposium was a step forward from the “Beijing symposium” held in Tsinghua University in China, a consortium university, in March 2011.
A total of approximately 200 people participated in the symposium. Those in partner businesses and public agencies concerned with the Program took part from the Japanese side. The Chinese participants include the members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and other well-known water environment researchers, government officials and teaching staff and students of Sun Yat-sen University.
Focus was placed on the technology and policy concerning water resources use and water treatment under varying environments. Japanese and Chinese business, academic and governmental people concerned gave presentations and exchanged views concerning the solutions to various problems and the direction of future research in preparation for the future.
At the onset of the symposium, Professor Guangmei Yan, Vice-President of Sun Yat-sen University, the host, gave an address wishing the success of the symposium. In response, Professor Tadashi Yamada, Faculty of Science and Engineering, who is responsible for the implementation of the Program, described in his address that water-related issues are inevitably related to energy and food issues and hoped that the symposium would present an opportunity for both Japan and China to comprehensively understand and learn about these issues.
From the Chinese side, Professor Doctor Guangqian Wang, a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Professor Doctor Wanhong Li, National Natural Science Foundation of China gave guest speeches. Professor Wang, looking back on the water-related history, emphasized the importance of identifying data and taking scientific approach. Professor Li reported that water-related issues had been gaining importance in the basic research and projects for developing science and technology human resources that are ratified by the National Natural Science Foundation of China.
In subsequent keynote speeches and presentations, Japanese and Chinese lecturers discussed the current issues and solutions and the latest technical information.
Chinese lecturers gave presentations concerning the increasing pressure on water resources due to climate change and the expansion of human activities, measures to ameliorate the pressure and approaches to the control of water quality deterioration and flooding mainly in urban areas.
Japanese counterparts presented the development and use of Japan’s excellent technologies for solving problems such as radar observation technology, waste renewal technology and hydrological cycle simulation technology, and policy making philosophy. Waste renewal technology in particular seemed to catch the attention of Chinese participants. Questions were raised one after another about specific matters such as the cost of development and introduction of the technology and the safety of renewed materials.
As the first attempt in the symposium, first-year students taking courses in the first semester of doctoral course in the Program made a report to present the level of research they were actually making. Japanese businesses also made panel presentations to exhibit their specific technologies of excellence.
The symposium provided a useful opportunity for information exchange to specifically consider research exchange and technical cooperation in the field of water environment between the two countries and future direction. It also motivated China to proceed with the handling of water-related issues through the Program.